What is the Male Reproductive System?
To create new male contraceptive options, we have to understand the male reproductive system. Human males have reproductive organs (also called genitals) that are both inside and outside the pelvis. Altogether, the male genitals include four parts that comprise the male reproductive system. These are the four key parts of the male reproductive system:
Contraception or birth control, is a method used to prevent conception when a person or couple wants to be sexually active but is not ready to start a family. Female hormonal contraception is based on interruption of the menstrual cycle. Because sperm are produced continuously, there is no similar male reproductive cycle to interrupt.
Historically, male contraception methods were focused on one part of the male reproductive system, namely, putting a full stop to sperm production. These days, researchers are focusing on affecting sperm function rather than halting sperm production. Examples of functional changes in the male reproductive system include preventing sperm from swimming, and preventing sperm from being able to fertilize an egg.
Learn more about male contraceptive methods in the R&D pipeline today.